Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare Fennel - Foeniculum vulgare

Database File for:

Fennel
(Foeniculum vulgare)

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Foeniculum vulgare, fennel PLANT
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    • Family: Apiaceae
      Genus: Foeniculum
      Species: vulgare
      Common Names: Fennel,Adas landi, Adas londa, Anis Vert, Anis, Comino, Finocchio Forte, Hinojo, Hsiao Hui Hsiang, Hui Hsiang Chiu, Kaneer Razbana, L'Anis, La Nuit, Raziyane, Rezene, Shamar, Shbint, Shih Lo, Tzu Mo, Tzu Mu Lo, Uikyo
      Part Used: Whole herb


    PLANT DESCRIPTION
    Documented Properties
    & Actions:
    Anti-inflammatory, Antispasmodic, Carminative, Digestive, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Lactagogue, Purgative, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic
    Plant
    Chemicals
    Include:
    1,8-cineole, 3-carene, 5-methoxypsoralen, 8-methoxypsoralen, Alanine, Alpha-pinene, Alpha-terpinene, Alpha-terpineol, Alpha-thujene, Alpha-phellandrene, Aluminum, Anisaldehyde, Anisic-acid, Anisic-ketone, Apiole, Arachidates, Arginine, Ascorbic-acid, Aspartic-acid, Avicularin, Benzoic-acid, Bergapten, Beta-phellandrene, Beta-carotene, Beta-sitosterol, Beta-pinene, Boron, Caffeic-acid, Calcium, Camphene, Camphor, Ceryl-alcohol, Choline, Chromium, Cinnamic-acid, Cis-anethole, Cis-ocimene, Citric-acid, Cobalt, Columbianetin Copper, Cynarin, Cystine, D-limonene, Dianethole, Dillapiol, Dipentene, EO, Estragole, Fenchone, Fenchyl-alcohol, Ferulic-acid, Fumaric-acid, Gamma- terpinene, Gamma-tocotrienol, Gentisic-acid, Glutamic-acid, Glycine, Glycollic- acid, Histidine, Imperatorin, Iodine, Isoleucine, Isopimpinellin, Isoquercitrin, Kaempferol, Kaempferol-3-arabinoside, Kaempferol-3-glucuronide, L-limonene, Limonene, Linalool, Linoleic-acid, Magnesium, Malic-acid, Manganese, Marmesin, Methionine, Methyl-chavicol, Myrcene, Myristicin, Nickel,O-coumaric-acid, Oleic-acid, Osthenol, P-cymene, P-hydroxybenzoic-acid, P-coumaric-acid, P-hydroxycinnamic-acid, Palmitic-acid, Pectin, Petroselinic-acid, Phenylalanine, Phosphorus, Photoantheole, Potassium, Proline, Protocatechuic-acid, Psoralen, Quercetin, Quercetin-3-l-arabinoside, Quercetin-3-arabinoside, Quercetin-3-glucuronide, Quinic-acid, Riboflavin, Rutin, Sabinene, Scoparone, Scopoletin, Selenium, Serine, Seselin, Shikimic-acid, Silicon, Sinapic-acid, Stigmasterol, Stigmasterol-palmitate, Syringic-acid, Tartaric-acid, Terpinen-4-ol, Terpinolene,Thiamin, Threonine, Tin, Tocopherol, Trans-ocimene, Trans-anethole Trans-1,8-terpin, Trigonelline, Tryptophan, Tyrosine, Umbelliferone, Urease, Valine, Vanillic-acid, Vanillin, Xanthotoxin, Zinc


    Quoted References

    2. "Fennel helps to release gas from the stomach and bowels and relieve its associated pain and cramping. It helps to clear phlegm from the lungs. It can act as a stimulant and diuretic which calms the nerves, improves appetite and digestion, and acts as an antispasmodic. It is helpful for nursing mothers as it promotes lactation and calms colic. Fennel helps regulate energy to the spleen, stomach, liver and kidneys and can be used topically for joint inflammation. The dried powder is said to keep fleas away from kennels and stables. Folklore indicates it can be used as a poultice for cancerous wounds and indurations (hardening) of the mammary glands."

    4. "Medicinal Actions and Uses: On account of its aromatic and carminative properties, Fennel fruit is chiefly used medicinally with purgatives to allay their tendency to griping and for this purpose forms one of the ingredients of the well-known Liquorice Powder."

    5. "A sweet herb used as an appetite suppressant and as an eyewash. Promotes function of the spleen, liver and kidneys, and also clears the lungs. Used for acid stomach. It relieves gas, gastrointestinal tract spasms, abdominal pain, and colon disorders. Effective in the treatment of gout, and good for the cancer patient after chemotherapy and radiation."

    6. "Actions: Carminative, circulatory stimulant, anti-inflammatory, promotes milk flow, mild expectorant, diuretic. Soothing for the digestion, the seeds also promote milk flow in breastfeeding. CAUTION: Fennel is a uterine stimulant, so avoid high doses of the herb in pregnancy; small amounts used in cooking are safe."

    9."Botanical name: Foeniculum vulgare. Pharmaceutical name: Fructus Foeniculi Vulgaris Properties: acrid, warm. Channels entered: Stomach, Liver, Kidney. Functions and clinical use: Regulates Qi and alleviates pain: used to warm and encourage movement in the Live Channel or the Lower Burner as in Cold hemia-like disorders, or any kind of lower a dominal pain from Cold. Warms the Middle Burner and opens the Stomach: used for Cold Stomach patterns wit such symptoms as abdominal pain, indigestion, decreased appetite, and vomiting.
    Pharmacological and clinical research:Gastrointestinal effect: the oil of Fructus Foeniculi Vulgaris (Yiao Hui Ciang) regulates the peristaltic functions of the gastrointestinal tract, thereby reducing emptying time and increasing the passage of gas. It also relieves spasms of the intestines. This latter effect is destroyed by local anesthesia and therefore may be caused by a nervous reflex. Antibiotic effect: anethole contributes to the inhibitory effect of streptomycin against tuberculosis in guinea pigs, but has no effect by itself. Treatment of hernias: in one series of 26 patients with incarcerated hernias, preparations of Fructus Foeniculi Vulgaris (Xiao Hui Xiang) given orally reduced the hernias in 22 cases. After the preparation was administered, the patients were asked to lie supine with their knees bent. Usually the hernia and symptoms were reduced within half an hour. If there was no resolution within one and a half hours, surgery was immediately performed. The principal factor that determined the outcome was the duration of the incarceration: the longer the duration, the less effective the treatment. Use in urology: a preparation of Fructus Foeniculi Vulgaris (Xiao Hui Xiang), together with salt and other ingredients taken at bedtime with rice wine, was used in 64 cases of hydrocele of the tunica vaginalls. After six weeks, 59 cases were cured and one was improved."



    ETHNOBOTANY: WORLDWIDE USES
    China Abdomen, Ache(Back), Ache(Stomach), Anodyne, Aphrodisiac, Bite(Snake), Colic, Cancer(Uterus), Carminative Digestive, Dysmenorrhea, Dyspepsia, Energy, Enteritis, Enuresis, Expectorant, Flux, Gas, Gastritis, Hernia, Lactagogue, Nausea, Toothache, Respiratory, Stomachic, Strangury, Tenesmus, Tonic, Virility, Vision
    Dominican Republic Cardiotonic, Diuretic, Stomachic, Stimulant, Tonic
    Elsewhere Abortifacient, Amenorrhea, Carminative, Chest, Cholera, Colic, Diaphoretic, Diuretic, Kidney, Lactagogue, Spleen, Stimulant, Stomachic, Tonic, Vermicide
    Europe Cancer, Tumor, Digestive, Gonorrhea
    Haiti Colic, Emmenagogue, Lactagogue, Aerophagia, Carminative , Diuretic, Nerve, Spasm
    Iraq Carminative, Parturition, Spice, Stimulant
    Japan Balsamic, Expectorant, Stomachic
    Malaya Abdomen, Dermatosis, Gastralgia, Rheumatism, Hepatosis
    Mexico Carminative, Colic
    Turkey Carminative, Digestive, Diuretic, Emmenagogue, Expectorant, Lactagogue, Parasiticide, Pectoral, Restorative, Stomachic, Stimulant



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    Last updated 12-17-2012