Licorice - Glycyrrhiza glabra Licorice - Glycyrrhiza glabra

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Licorice
(Glycyrrhiza glabra)

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Licorice - Glycyrrhiza glabra PLANT
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    • Family: Fabaceae
      Genus: Glycyrrhiza
      Species: glabra
      Common Names: Licorice, Gan Cao, Iriqsus, Kan T'Sao, Kan Ts'Ao, Liquirita, Madhuka, Meyankoku, Mi Ts'Ao, Regaliz, Sus Maikik
      Part Used: Root, Whole herb


    PLANT DESCRIPTION
    Documented Properties
    & Actions:
    Anodyne, Antioxidant, Antispasmodic, Anti-inflammatory, Demulcent, Depurative, Diuretic, Emollient, Estrogenic, Expectorant, Pectoral
    Plant
    Chemicals
    Include:
    Acetic-acid, Acetoin ,Acetol, Acetophenone, Alpha-terpineol Aluminum, Anethole, Apigenin, Ascorbic-acid, Asparagine, Benzaldehyde, Benzoic-acid, Benzyl-alcohol, Beta-sitosterol, Butan-1-ol-2-one, Butan-1-ol-3-one, Butane-2,3-diol, Butanoic-acid, Butylphthalate, Butyric-anhydride, Calcium, Camphor, Caproic-acid, Carvacrol, Choline, Chromium, Cobalt, Cumic-alcohol, Decane, Decanoic-acid, Difurfuryl-ether, Dihydro-5,5-dimethyl-2(3h)-furanone, Dimethyl-phenylethyl-alcohol, Docosane, Dodecane, Dodecanoic-acid, Eicosane, EO, Estragole, Estriol, Ethyl-linoleate, Ethyl- linolenate, Ethyl-palmitate, Ethyl-phenol ,Ethyl-phenylacetate, Eugenol, Fenchone Formononetin, Fructose, Furfural, Furfuryl-acetate, Furfuryl-alcohol, Furfuryl-butyrate, Furfuryl-formate,F urfuryl-propionate, Furyl-methyl-ketone, Gamma-butyrolactone, Gamma-heptalactone,G amma-hexalactone, Gamma-nonalactone, Gamma- octalactone, Geraniol, Glabrene, Glabric-acid, Glabridin, Glabrol, Glabrolide, Glabrone, Glucose, Glycocoumarin, Glycyrin, Glycyrol, Glycyrram, Glycyrrhetic-acid, Glycyrrhetinic-acid, Glycyrrhetol,G lycyrrhisoflavanone, Glycyrrhisoflavone, Glycyrrhizic-acid, Glycyrrhizin, Glyzaglabrin, Glyzarin, Guaiaco, Hederasaponin-c, Henicosane, Heptadecane ,Heptane-1,2-diol, Heptanoic-acid, Heranol, Herniarin, Hex-trans-3-en-ol, Hexadecane, Hexadecanoic-acid, Hexadecyl-acetate, Hexan-1-ol, Hexanoic-acid, Hexanol, Hexyl-formate, Hispaglabridin-a ,Hispaglabridin-b, Indole, Iron, Isobutyladipate, Isoglabrolide, soglycyrol, Isoliquiritin, Isomucronulatol, Isoneoliquiritin, Isoschaftoside, Isoviolanthin, Kumatakenin, Lavandolol, Licochalcone-a, Licochalcone-b, Licoflavonol, Licoisoflavanone, Licoisoflavones, Licoric-acid, Licuraside, Licuroside, Lignin, Linalool, Linalool-oxides, Liqcoumarin, Liquirazide, Liquiritic-acid, Liquiritigenin, Liquoric-acid, Magnesium, Maltose, Manganese, Methyl-ethyl-ketone, Methyl-hexa-decanoate, Methyl-hexanoate, Myrtenal, N-methyl-2-pyrrolidone, N-nonacosane, N- tetradecane, Neoliquiritin, Neosoliquiritin, Nonadecane, Nonanoic-acid, O-acetyl-salicylic-acid, O-cresol, O-methoxy-phenol, O-tolunitrile, Octacosan-1-ol, Octadecane, Octanoic-acid, P-cymenol, P-methoxy-phenol, Palmitic-acid, Pentadecane, Pentadecanoic-acid Pentan-1-ol, Pentanoic-acid, Phaseollinisoflavan, Phenethyl-alcohol, Phenol, Phenyl-acetaldehyde, Phenylpropionic-acid, Phosphorus, Propionic-acid, Pyrazole, Rhamnoisoliquiritin, Rhamno-liquiritin, Salicylic-acid, Schaftoside, Silicon, Stigmasterol, Sucrose, Sugar, Terpin-1-en-4-ol, Tetracosan-1-ol, Tetracosane, Tetradecanoic-acid, Tetramethyl-pyrazine, Thiamin, Thujone, Thymol, Tiglaldehyde, Tin, Tricosane, Tridecane, Tridecanoic-acid, Trimethyl-pyrazine, Umbelliferone, Undecane, Undecanoic-acid, Zinc


    Quoted References

    2. "Licorice is very sweet and contains glycyrrhizic acid which is fifty times sweeter than sugar. It helps support the adrenal glands and stimulate the excretion of hormones from the adrenal cortex. It has also been shown to have estrogen activity in animal studies and may be used to stabilize the menstrual cycle when coming off of "the Pill." It is excellent for the lungs and spleen. It has been used for coughs, sore throat, asthma, stomach and duodenal ulcers, hepatitis, hysteria and food poisoning. It is also known to be a good antioxidant."

    4."Medicinal Action and Uses: The action of Liquorice is demulcent, moderately pectoral and emollient. It is a popular and well-known remedy for coughs, consumption, and chest complaints generally most notably bronchitis, and is an ingredients in almost all popular cough medicines on account of its valuable soothing properties."

    5. "Beneficial for hypoglycemia, bronchitis, colitis, diverticulosis, gastritis, stress, colds, nausea, and inflammation. Cleanses the colon, promotes adrenal gland function, decreases muscle or skeletal spasms, and increases the fluidity of mucus from the lungs and bronchial tubes. Has estrogen-like hormone effects; changes the voice. Studies show licorice root stimulates the production of interferon. Warning: Do not use if you have high blood pressure."

    6. "The root contains glycrrhizin, 50 times sweeter than sucrose, which encourages the production of hormones such as hydrocortisone. This helps to explain its anti-inflammatory action and also its role in stimulating the adrenal cortex after steroid therapy. The root can help heal gastric ulceration and is also a potent expectorant. Actions: Anti-inflammatory, anti-arthritic, tonic stimulant for adrenal cortex, lowers blood cholesterol, soothes gastric mucous membranes, possibly anti-allergenic, cooling, expectorant."

    7. "Liquorice is one of a group of plants that have a marked effect upon the endocrine system. The glycosides present have a structure that is similar to the natural steroids of the body. They explain the beneficial action that liquorice has in the treatment of adrenal gland problems such as Addison's disease. It has a wide usage in bronchial problems such as catarrh, bronchitis and coughs in general."

    9. "Botanical name: Glycyrrhiza uralensis.
    Pharmaceutical name: Radix Glycyrrhizae Uralensis
    Properties: sweet, neutral (raw); sweet, warm (toasted).
    Channels entered: All 12 Primary Channels (principally the Spleen and Lung)
    Functions and clinical use: Tonifies the Spleen and benefits the Qi: commonly used for Deficient Spleen patterns, especially when toasted. Also used for Deficient Qi or Deficient Blood patterns with an irregular or intermittent pulse or palpitations. Moistens the Lungs and stops coughing: used for coughing and wheezing. As it is of a neutral nature, it can be used for either Heat or Cold in the Lungs. Clears Heat and detoxifies Fire Poison: used raw for carbuncles, sores, or sore throat arising from Fire Poison. For this purpose it can be taken internally or applied topically. Moderates and harmonizes the characteristics of other herbs: by virtue of its sweet, neutral and moderating characteristics, this herb moderates hot and cold herbs, and makes violent herbs more gentle. Because it is said to enter all twelve Primary Channels, it can lead and conduct other herbs into the Channels. Soothes spasms: used for painful spasms in the abdomen and legs. Also used as an antidote to a variety of toxic substances, both internally and topically.
    Cautions and contraindications: Contraindicated in cases of Excess Dampness, nausea, or vomiting."

    13. "The medicinal use of licorice in both Western and Eastern cultures dates back several thousand years. It was used primarily as a demulcent, expectorant, antitussive, and mild laxative. Its traditional use include the treatment of peptic ulcers, asthma, pharyngitis, malaria, abdominal pain, insomnia and infections. Licorice is known to exhibit many pharmacological actions, including estrogenic, aldosterone-like; anti-inflammatory (cortisol-like); antiallergic; antibacterial, antiviral; and anti-Trichomonas; antihepatotoxic; anticonvulsive; choleretic; anticancer; expectorant; and antitussive activities. Although much of the pharmacology focuses on glycyrrhizin and glycyrrhetinic acid, remember that licorice has many other components, such as flavonoids, that may have significant pharmacological effect."

    14. "Licorice can be recommended for just about everybody, for male and female alike, young and old, well or sick. It is the grand tonic of the world, in this author's opinion. For that reason, I recommend it as an important tonic in the maintenance of the musculoskeletal system. The amazing anti-inflammatory actions of licorice root extend to the entire surface area of the body, both outside and inside. Not only the skin, but the mucous membranes of the gastrointestinal tract yield to the soothing and healing action of licorice root. The plant reinforces the body's ability to withstand attack from virtually any kind of pathogen, and should therefore be considered a tonic for the musculoskeletal system. If one is looking for a broad-spectrum tonic to protect, maintain health, and heal injuries, there is no herb better than licorice root."



    ETHNOBOTANY: WORLDWIDE USES
    China Alterative, Anodyne, Antidote, Boil, Burn, Cancer(Esophagus), Cancer(Uterus), Cough, Diuretic, Dyspnea, Expectorant, Fever, Rejuvenation, Sore, Thirst, Tonic
    Elsewhere Addison's disease, Bactericide, Candidia, Catarrh, Cough, Demulcent, Deodorant Expectorant, Fungicide, Internulcer, Laxative, Masticatory, Pectoral, Pill, Scald, Sore, Tumor, Urogenital, Wound
    Europe Tumor
    Japan Antidote, Antispasmodic, Antitussive, Demulcent, Expectorant
    Turkey Alexiteric, Alterative, Demulcent, Depurative, Diuretic, Emollient, Expectorant, Pectoral
    U.S. Cancer



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    Last updated 12-17-2012