Ubos Leaf Powder in bulk one pound packages - Spondias mombin - Ubos Leaf Powder in bulk one pound packages  -  - Ubos Leaf Powder in bulk one pound packages  Spondias mombin Ubos Leaf Powder

Spondias mombin

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Ubos bark has a long history of use among the Indians and local people in the Amazon.* In South America the leaves of this rainforest tree are a common remedy for digestive and female complaints as well as an antimicrobial for infections conditions.* For more information about ubos (Spondias mombin), please refer to the Database File for Ubos in the Tropical Plant Database. More information can also be found in the new Antimicrobial Guide. To see pictures of ubos, click here.

Traditional Uses:* as a broad spectrum antiseptic and antibacterial; for viruses; for intestinal worms and parasites; as a menstrual regulator and for menstrual pain, cramps and irregularity, vaginal infections and yeast infections; as a nervine; for stress and anxiety

Suggested Use:* This plant is best prepared as an infusion (tea): Use one teaspoon of powder for each cup of water. Pour boiling water over herb in cup and allow to steep 10 minutes. Strain tea (or allow settled powder to remain in the bottom of cup) and drink warm. It is traditionally taken in 1 cup dosages, 2-3 times daily. For more complete instrutions on preparing herbal remedies see the Methods for Preparing Herbal Remedies Page.

Contraindications:
  • Ubos leaves are traditionally used as a childbirth aid to induce labor and as an abortive. Animals studies report uterine stimulant and abortive actions. Do not use if you are pregnant unless under the direct supervision of a medical practitioner.
  • Ubos leaves contains salicylic acid derivatives. If allergic or sensitive to aspirin or salicylic acid, avoid use of the leaves.
Drug Interactions: None known.





Third-Party Published Research*

All available third-party research on ubos can be found at PubMed. A partial listing of the published research on ubos is shown below:

Uterine Stimulant, Antifertility & Abortive Actions:
Uchendu, C., et al. "Antifertility activity of aqueous ethanolic leaf extract of Spondias mombin (Anacardiaceae) in rats." Afr Health Sci. 2008 Sep;8(3):163-7.
Offiah, V., et al. "Abortifacient activity of an aqueous extract of Spondias mombin leaves." J. Ethnopharmacol 1989; 26(3): 317-320.
Barros, G., et al. "Pharmacological screening of some Brazilian plants." J. Pharm. Pharmacol. 1970; 22: 116.
Akubue, P., et al. "Preliminary pharmacological study of some Nigerian medicinal plants." J. Ethnopharmacol. 1983; 8(1): 53-63.

Muscle Relaxant & Antispasmodic Actions:
Akubue, P., et al. "Preliminary pharmacological study of some Nigerian medicinal plants." J. Ethnopharmacol. 1983; 8(1): 53-63.
Uchendu, C., et al. "Spasmogenic activity of butanolic leaf extract of Spondias mombin in isolated uterine muscle of the rat: role of calcium. J. Nat. Remedies 2005; 5(1): 7-14.

Anti-anxiety, Sedative & Anticonvulsant Actions:
Ayoka, A., et al. "Sedative, antiepileptic and antipsychotic effects of Spondias mombin L. (Anacardiaceae) in mice and rats." J Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Jan 16;103(2):166-75.
Ayoka, A., et al. "Studies on the anxiolytic effect of Spondias mombin L. (Anacardiaceae) extracts." J. Trad. CAM. 2005: 2(2): 153-165.
Ayoka, A., et al. "Sedative, antiepileptic and antipsychotic effects of Spondias mombin L. (Anacardiaceae) in mice and rats." J. Ethnopharmacol. 2006 Jan; 103(2): 166-75.

Hypoglycemic & Anti-Diabetic Actions:
Fred-Jaiyesimi A., et al. "Hypoglycaemic and amylase inhibitory activities of leaves of Spondias mombin Linn." Afr J Med Med Sci. 2009 Dec;38(4):343-9.

Cardio-protective Actions:
Akinmoladun, A., et al. "Ramipril-like activity of Spondias mombin linn against no-flow ischemia and isoproterenol-induced cardiotoxicity in rat heart." Cardiovasc Toxicol. 2010 Dec;10(4):295-305.

Anthelmintic (worm-expelling) & Anti-parasitic Actions:
Accioly, M., et al. "Leishmanicidal activity in vitro of Musa paradisiaca L. and Spondias mombin L. fractions." Vet Parasitol. 2012 Jun 8;187(1-2):79-84.
Gbolade, A., et al. "Anthelmintic activities of three medicinal plants from Nigeria." Fitoterapia. 2008 Apr;79(3):223-5. d
Ademola, I., et al. "Anthelmintic activity of extracts of Spondias mombin against gastrointestinal nematodes of sheep: Studies in vitro and in vivo." So. Trop Anim, Health Prod. 2005 Apr; 37(3): 223-35.

Antioxidant Actions:
da Silva, A., et al. "Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of two Spondias species from Northeastern Brazil." Pharm Biol. 2012 Jun;50(6):740-6.
Akinmoladun, A., et al. "Evaluation of antioxidant and free radical scavenging capacities of some Nigerian indigenous medicinal plants." J Med Food. 2010 Apr;13(2):444-51
Calderon, A., et al. "Forest plot as a tool to demonstrate the pharmaceutical potential of plants in a tropical forest of Panama." Econ. Bot. 2000; 54(3): 278-294.
Kramer, A., et al. "Ethnobotany and biological activity of plants utilized during pregnancy and childbirth in the Peruvian Amazon." Emanations from the Rainforest and the Carribean Vol. 4 Sept. 2002, Cornell University. Pauly, G., et al. "Cosmetic containing plant extracts." U.S. Patent No. 6,406,720. June 18, 2002.

Anti-inflammatory & COX-Inhibitory Actions:
Nworu, C., et al. "The leaf extract of Spondias mombin L. displays an anti-inflammatory effect and suppresses inducible formation of tumor necrosis factor-a and nitric oxide (NO)." J Immunotoxicol. 2011 Jan-Mar;8(1):10-6.
Abad, M., et al. "Antiinflammatory activity of some medicinal plant extracts from Venezuela". J. Ethnopharmacol. 1996; 55: 63-68.
Calderon, A., et al. "Forest plot as a tool to demonstrate the pharmaceutical potential of plants in a tropical forest of Panama." Econ. Bot. 2000; 54(3): 278-294.

Antimicrobial Actions (bacteria, virus, fungi, candida):
Ubos bark has been reported with antibacterial actions in test tube studies against Pseudomonas aeruginosa and Bacillus cereus. It was also reported to inhibit human rotovirus by 82% in vitro which might explain its long standing use for diarrhea. In other in vitro testing researchers also reported that ubos bark has strong antifungal and anticandidal actions.
da Silva, A., et al. "Chemical composition, antioxidant and antibacterial activities of two Spondias species from Northeastern Brazil." Pharm Biol. 2012 Jun;50(6):740-6.
Amadi, E., et al. "Studies on the antimicrobial effects of Spondias mombin and Baphia nittida on dental caries organism." Pak J Biol Sci. 2007 Feb 1;10(3):393-7.
Calderon, A., et al. "Forest plot as a tool to demonstrate the pharmaceutical potential of plants in a tropical forest of Panama." Econ. Bot. 2000; 54(3): 278-294.
Kramer, A., et al. "Ethnobotany and biological activity of plants utilized during pregnancy and childbirth in the Peruvian Amazon." Emanations from the Rainforest and the Carribean Vol. 4 Sept. 2002, Cornell University.
Flood, K., et al. "Phytochemical analysis of Cedrela odorata and Spondias mombin, two dietary sources of Callithrix pygmea on the Yarapa river in the Amazon basin of Peru." Emanations from the Rainforest and the Carribean Vol. 4 Sept. 2002, Cornell University.
Ajao, A., et al. "Antibacterial effect of aqueous and alcohol extracts of Spondias mombin, and Alchornea cordifolia - two local antimicrobial remedies." Int. J. Crude Drug Res. 1985; 23(2): 67-72.
Abo, K., et al. "Antimicrobial potential of Spondias mombin, Croton zambesicus and Zygotritonia crocea." Phytother. Res. 1999; 13(6): 494-497.
Corthout, J., et al. "Antivirally active substances from Spondias mombin L. (Anacardiaceae)." Abstr. Internat. Res. Cong. Nat. Prod. Coll Pharm. Univ. July 7-12 1985 Abstr. - 53. N. Carolina University, Chapel Hill, NC
Corthout, J., et al. "Antivirally active substances from Spondias mombin L." Pharm. Weekbl. 1987; 9(4): 222.
Goncalves, J., et al. "In vitro anti-rotavirus activity of some medicinal plants used in Brazil against diarrhea." J. Ethnopharmacol. 2005 Jul; 99(3): 403-7.
Corthout, J. et al. "Antiviral caffeoyl esters from Spondias mombin." Phytochemistry 1992; 31(6): 1979-1981.
Ramirez, V., et al., "Vegetales empleados en medicina tradicional Norperuana." Banco Agrario Del Peru & Nacl Univ Trujillo, Trujillo, Peru, June, 1988 Page 54.
Coates, N., et al. "SB-202742, A novel beta-lactamase inhibitor isolated from Spondias mombin." J. Nat. Prod. 1994; 57(5): 654-657.
Herforth, A., "Anti-fungal plants of the Peruvian Amazon: A survey of ethnomedical uses and biological activity." Emanations from the Rainforest and the Carribean. Vol. 4 Sept. 2002, Cornell University.

Cytotoxic & Anticancerous Actions:
Flood, K., et al. "Phytochemical analysis of Cedrela odorata and Spondias mombin, two dietary sources of Callithrix pygmea on the Yarapa river in the Amazon basin of Peru." Emanations from the Rainforest and the Carribean Vol. 4 Sept. 2002, Cornell University.
Herforth, A., "Anti-fungal plants of the Peruvian Amazon: A survey of ethnomedical uses and biological activity." Emanations from the Rainforest and the Carribean Vol. 4 Sept. 2002, Cornell University.
Quignard, E., et al. "Screening of plants found in Amazonas state for lethality towards brine shrimp." Acta Amazonica. 2003; 33(1): 93-104.
Idu, M., et al. "Studies on the nutritional value and anti-tumour property of the bark of Spondias mombin L." J. Med. Biomed. Res. 2002; 1(2): 223-228.

Anti-aging & Sunscreen Actions:
Pauly, G., et al. "Cosmetic containing plant extracts." U.S. Patent No. 6,406,720. June 18, 2002.



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Last updated 1-2-2013