Artichoke has been used in traditional medicine for centuries as a specific liver and gallbladder remedy.* In Brazilian herbal medicine systems, leaf preparations are used for liver and gallbladder problems, diabetes, high cholesterol, hypertension, anemia, diarrhea (and elimination in general), fevers, ulcers, and gout.* To see photographs of artichoke, click here. For more information about artichoke (Cynara scolymus), please refer to the Database File for Artichoke in the Tropical Plant Database.
Suggested Use: This plant is best prepared as an infusion (tea): Use one teaspoon of powder for each cup of water. Pour boiling water over herb in cup and allow to steep 10 minutes. Strain tea (or allow settled powder to remain in the bottom of cup) and drink warm. It is traditionally taken 1 cup dosages, 2-3 times daily. For more complete instructions on preparing herbal infusions, see the Methods for Preparing Herbal Remedies Page.
Contraindications: None reported.
Drug Interactions: May enhance the effect of cholesterol-reducing drugs.
Artichoke Plant Summary
Main Preparation Method: capsules and fluid extracts
Main Actions (in order): liver and gallbladder bile stimulant, hepatoprotective (liver protector), antihepatotoxic (liver detoxifier), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol)
1. for gallstones and as a liver and gallbladder bile stimulant
2. for high cholesterol
3. for digestive disorders
4. for irritable bowel syndrome, Crohn's disease, and other bowel problems
5. to support liver function
Properties/Actions Documented by Research: antihepatotoxic (clears toxins in liver), antioxidant, liver and gallbladder bile stimulator, hepatoprotective (liver protector), hepatotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the liver), hypocholesterolemic (lowers cholesterol)
Other Properties/Actions Documented by Traditional Use: astringent, blood cleanser, cardiotonic (tones, balances, strengthens the heart), detoxifier, digestive stimulant, diuretic, hypotensive (lowers blood pressure), stimulant, tonic (tones, balances, strengthens)
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