Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum

Database File for:

CAMPECHE
(Haematoxylon campechianum)

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Haematoxylon campechianum Campeche PLANT
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Campeche -  Haematoxylon campechianum
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  • Family: Fabaceae
    Genus: Haematoxylum
    Species: campechianum
    Common Names: bloodwood, bois campeche, campeche, campechier, kampes agaci, logwood, palo de campeche
    Parts Used: Bark, Leaves

    CAMPECHE
    HERBAL PROPERTIES AND ACTIONS
    Main Actions Other Actions Standard Dosage
  • astringent
  • tonic
  • Bark
  • relieves diarrhea
  • reduces fever
  • Decoction: 1 cup twice daily
  • kills germs
  • stops bleeding
  • Tincture: 1-2 ml twice daily
  • reduces inflammation
  • relieves pain
  •  
  • aids digestion
  • cleanses blood
  •  

    Campeche is a fast growing ornamental tree that can reach up to 50 feet in height. It produces numerous delicate round leaflets and extremely fragrant yellow flowers. The tree trunk and branches are thorned and become more gnarled with age, lending to it's attractive appearance. The wood of the tree is heavy and extremely hard. A black to blue dye, also called logwood extract, is obtained from the heartwood. This tropical hardwood was introduced into Europe as a dyeing agent for textiles soon after the discovery of America in the 1500's. Campeche is native to Belize, Guatemala and Mexico, however it has been naturalized in many South American countries as well. The genus is a small one, with only two species found in Latin and Southern America.

    TRIBAL AND HERBAL MEDICINE USES

    Campeche wood is generally prepared as a decoction for the treatment of diarrhea; it is an effective astringent (drying agent). In herbal medicine systems in Mexico it is employed as a natural remedy for anemia, dysentery and diarrhea, intestinal parasites, tuberculosis, and for menstrual disorders. In Brazilian herbal medicine, the bark is used internally for diarrhea, and dysentery; externally as an astringent disinfectant for wounds and skin ulcers.

    PLANT CHEMICALS

    The main compounds discovered in campeche include acetic acid, ellagic acid, ethyl gallate, haematoxylin, haematoxylol A, myricetin, oxalic-acid, phlobaphane, quercetin, resin, tannin, and tetra-o-methylhematoxylol-B.


    WORLDWIDE ETHNOMEDICAL USES
    Brazil as an astringent; for diarrhea, dysentery, ulcers, wounds
    China for amenorrhea, circulation problems, puerperium, swelling, trauma, and as an anodyne and decoagulant
    Elsewhere as an astringent, bactericide, and depurative; for bedsores, cancer, diarrhea, dysentery, and gangrene
    Haiti as an abortive, antiseptic, hemostat; for amenorrhea, anemia, diarrhea, dysentery, leucorrhea, sores, sprains, trauma, and toothache
    India as an astringent and tonic; for dysentery, diarrhea, dyspepsia, and leucorrhea
    Mexico as an astringent; for amenorrhea, anemia, dysentery, diarrhea, hematochezia, parasites, and tuberculosis
    Turkey as an astringent and hemostat
    Venezuela as an astringent for diarrhea



    QUOTED REFERENCES


    The following is excerpted from the 9th edition (1982) of the Encyclopedia Britannica:
    "Logwood is a valuable dyewood, leguminous, native of Central America. The tree attains a height not exceeding 40 feet. It is said to be ready for felling when about 8 years old. The wood, deprived of its bark and sap-wood, is sent the market in the form of large blocks and billets. It is very hard and dense, and exteriorally has a dark brownish red.colour. The best qualities come from Campeachy, but is obtained there only in small quantity. A large export trade of logwood of good quality is carried on from Honduras and Jamaica. The wood was introduced into Europe as a dyeing substance soon after the discovery of America, but for many years (from 1581 to 1662) its use in England was prohibited by legislative enactment on account of the interior dyes which at first were produced by its employment. The chemical reaction of heamatoxylin is extremely rapid and delicate, rendering that body a valuable laboratory test for alkalis. Logwood is prepared for use by dyers, etc., in the form of chips and raspings and as a solid brittle black extract. Chipped logwood is moistened with water and spread in thin layers until a gentle fermentation sets up, whereby, under the influence of liberated ammonia, haematoxylin is formed from the glucoside. By exposure to air, through repeated turnings of the mass, haematein is developed from the haematoxylin, and the chips gradually become coated with the brilliant metallic green crystals of haematein. Logwood extract (haematein), largely used in calico [cotton dress material printing, is obtained from the chips that are oxidized by the haematein, by lixiviation (leaching), the solution being concentrated at as low a temperature as possible. Logwood is also used for dying woolen goods, in which it produces with various mordants, shades of blue, from a light lavender to a dense blueblack. Logwood blacks assume a bright red tint by the action of dilute acids, a test by which they can readily be distinguished from aniline dyes and other fast blacks. Logwood is also largely used in the preparation of ink and to a small extent in medicine. The imports of logwood into the United Kingdom during the year 1880 amounted to 69,290 tons, estimated value of which was 192,392 pounds sterling."



    * The statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information contained in this plant database file is intended for education, entertainment and information purposes only. This information is not intended to be used to diagnose, prescribe or replace proper medical care. The plant described herein is not intended to treat, cure, diagnose, mitigate or prevent any disease. Please refer to our Conditions of Use for using this plant database file and web site.




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    Last updated 12-17-2012