Carapia - Dorstenia brasiliensis Carapia - Dorstenia brasiliensis, Carapia - Dorstenia brasiliensis, Carapia - Dorstenia brasiliensis

Database File for:

CONTRAYERVA
(Dorstenia brasiliensis)

Main databaseCommon nameBotanical nameEthnic usesAction/disorderImages
  
Carapia - Dorstenia brasiliensis, Carapia - Dorstenia brasiliensis, Carapia - Dorstenia brasiliensis PLANT
IMAGES


Plant




WEB
RESOURCES
Contrayerva

  • Product Search

  • Medline Abstracts

  • PubMed FullText

  • Ethnobotany DB

  • W3TROPICOS DB

  • GRIN DB

  • USF DB

  • USDA DB

  • ITIS DB



    WEBSITE LINKS

  • Home Page
  • About the Author
  • Plant Images
  • Rainforest Products
  • Rainforest Gallery
  • Rainforest Facts
  • Article Section
  • Rainforest Links
  • Search Site
  • Conditions of Use











    Free Service

    Español
    Português
    Deutsch
    Italiano
    Français
    Norsk


  • Family: Moraceae
    Genus: Dorstenia
    Species: brasiliensis
    Synonyms: Dorstenia amazonica Carauta, C. Valente, Dorstenia heringeri Carauta & C. Valente, Dorstenia infundibuliformis Lodd., Dorstenia montana Herzog, Dorstenia montevidensis Miq., Dorstenia pernambucana Arruda, Dorstenia sabanensis Cuatrec., Dorstenia schulzii Carauta, C. Valente & Dunn de Araujo, Dorstenia tomentosa Fisch. & C.A. Mey., Dorstenia tubicina fo. major (Chodat & Hassl.) Hassl., Dorstenia tubicina fo. subexcentrica Hassl., Dorstenia tubicina Ruiz & Pav.
    Common Names: contrayerva, carapia, carapá, chupa-chupa, conta-de-cobra, bezoar, bezoard, contraerva, contra-erva, contrayerba de las Antillas, figueirinha, liga-liga, liga-osso, tarope, tiu
    Part Used: Root, Rhizome


    CONTRAYERVA
    HERBAL PROPERTIES AND ACTIONS
    Main Actions Other Actions Standard Dosage
  • is astringent
  • promotes menstruation
  • Rhizome
  • increases perspiration
  • kills germs
  • Infusion: 1/2 cup twice daily
  • reduces fever
  • aids digestion
  • Tincture: 1-2 ml twice daily
  • relieves inflammation
  • relieves pain
  •  
  • gentle stimulant
  • quiets coughs
  •  

    Contrayerva is a small herb growing less than 8 inches high with distinctly veined leaves and small basket-shaped flowers. Dorstenia is one of the few genuses in the large Moraceae family that produces small herbaceous plants. Contrayerva produces a reddish-brown cylindrical rhizome that is 2-4 cm long and about 1 cm thick with many small roots. The common name "contrayerva" comes from a Spanish word meaning counter-poison or antidote as it is an age-old antidote for snakebites. Contrayerva is indigenous to the tropical regions of South America and can be found in Brazil, Peru, Bolivia, Colombia, Uruguay, Paraquay, Venezuela and the three Guianas. It can be found growing wild throughout the Amazon rainforest.

    TRIBAL AND HERBAL MEDICINE USES

    It is the rhizome of Contrayerva that is used medicinally and it is considered in herbal medicine systems to be a gentle stimulant and diaphoretic (increases or promotes perspiration). Indigenous Indians in the Amazon crush the fresh rhizome and put it on snakebites, poisonous insect bites and broken bones, as well as take it internally for snake bites. In Brazilian herbal medicine systems the rhizome is considered an antiseptic, stimulant, diaphoretic, tonic, diuretic, emmenagogue (promotes menstruation), and antimalarial. It is employed in Brazil as an herbal remedy for fevers, diarrhea and dysentery, skin problems, ear aches and ear infections, anemia, menstrual problems, high blood pressure, cystitis, malaria, upper respiratory problems, and digestive disorders.

    PLANT CHEMICALS

    Contrayerva root is a rich source of diverse flavonoids (flavanones, flavones, flavans, flavonols and chalcones). In addition it also contains alkaloids, coumarins, saponins, sterols, and tannins. Two seco-adianane-type triterpenoids called dorstenic acid A and B, were found in the root and documented with moderate cytotoxicity against leukemia cells (L-1210 and HL-60) by Japanese researchers in 2002.

    The compounds isolated in contrayerva thus far include: benzofuran, bergapten, cajupine, contrayerbine, dorstenic acids, dorestenin, furocoumarins, psoralen, secropine, and styrene.

    BIOLOGICAL ACTIVITIES AND CLINICAL RESEARCH

    Brazilian reseachers documented the anti-inflammatory and analgesic effect of contrayerva root in animal studies performed in 1991.



    WORLDWIDE ETHNOMEDICAL USES
    Argentina as a diaphoretic, diuretic, emetic, emmenagogueue, and tonic; for fever
    Brazil as an antiseptic, diuretic, diaphoretic, emetic, emmenagogueue, purgative, stimulant, stomachic, and tonic; for anemia, clorosis, constipation, cystitis, diarrhea, dysentery, ear infections, fever, gastritis, leucorrhea, malaria, rheumatism, skin disorders, snakebite, typhoid, uterine disorders,
    Mexico for aposteme, fever, inflammation, snake bite, toothache, tumors; as a diaphoretic, stimulant, tonic
    Trinidad for bronchitis, dysentery, dyspepsia, fever, snake bite, toothache, uterine colic; as a blood cleanser, pain reliever
    Venezuela as an antidote, diaphoretic; for diarrhea, dysentery, fever
    Elsewhere as an alexipharmic, diaphoretic, stimulant; for coughs, gastritis



    The above text has been authored by Leslie Taylor, ND, copyrighted © 2005 All rights reserved. No part of this document may be reproduced or transmitted in any form or by any means, electronic or mechanical, including photocopying, recording, or by any information storage or retrieval system, including websites, without written permission.

    * The statements contained herein have not been evaluated by the Food and Drug Administration. The information contained in this plant database file is intended for education, entertainment and information purposes only. This information is not intended to be used to diagnose, prescribe or replace proper medical care. The plant described herein is not intended to treat, cure, diagnose, mitigate or prevent any disease. Please refer to our Conditions of Use for using this plant database file and web site.




    © Copyrighted 1996 to present by Leslie Taylor, Milam County, TX 77857.
    All rights reserved. Please read the Conditions of Use, and Copyright Statement for this web page and web site.
    Last updated 12-17-2012